WP2: Inventory Data and Field Research of the Bioclimatic Design Principles of Vernacular Buildings and of the Open Public Spaces of the Rural Settlements Under Study

In the framework of this WP, all the bioclimatic design parameters and environmental strategies of vernacular buildings in three traditional settlements of Cyprus are investigated. The different typologies and layouts of the traditional dwellings are being examined through architectural plans and on-site surveys in a number of typical houses. A careful review and examination of the main parameters affecting the bioclimatic design of each individual house are being carried out. The parameters under examination are:

Α. The layout of closed, semi-open and open areas and their mutual relations and communications.

Β. The relationship of buildings to their immediate environment

C. The type, material and thermal characteristics of the building envelope

D. The solar and daylight access to the indoor space

E. The natural ventilation and cooling strategies

In addition, the everyday activities of the local residents will be examined and assessed with regard to the satisfaction of physiological and psychological living conditions. The data collected will be tabulated and encoded for comparative study and analysis.

The data collection of the above mentioned research will lead to the determination of three groups of representative buildings for detailed examination and on-site measurements, which will be carried out with instruments monitoring the environmental conditions of indoor spaces. The groups are divided into the following categories:

Α. Vernacular buildings that have not been restored and preserve their original character

Β. Vernacular buildings that have been recently refurbished

C. Contemporary buildings incorporated into the traditional fabric 

Additionally, the different layouts of the traditional open spaces (streets, squares, plateaus, dead-end streets) are being examined through drawings and on-site surveys. A careful review and examination of the main parameters affecting the microclimatic conditions of the three rural settlements under study are being carried out. At the settlement scale, the investigation of the settlement morphology which derives from the level of compactness, the height-to-width ratio of the streets, the orientation and layout of the built fabric and the different topography is being carried out. An investigation in order to demonstrate how these factors influence wind and solar access and determine the comfort conditions at the public spaces will be also carried out.

A more detailed research will be undertaken regarding the parameters which influence the microclimatic conditions in the vernacular squares. The parameters under examination are:

Α. The relationship of the square layout to the immediate built environment (e.g. orientation, sky view factor, height-to-width ratio)

B. The planting and water elements

C. The shading devices

D. The reflectivity of the finishing materials of the floor and walls

E. The impinging solar radiation and the potential of open spaces for ventilation

 

The research findings of this work package will be used directly in the next three work packages (WP3, WP4 and WP5).  

 



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